Types of Stem Cells

Types of Stem Cells

Stem cells, the body’s chief raw cells, can turn into any specialized cell like a nerve cell or a heart cell. Under ideal conditions, these cells multiply and grow into daughter cells that either remain as a stem cell or specialize into other cells. Since 1960s, stem cells are being used to replace or repair damaged cells in the human body via transplants like bone marrow transplant, etc. Various types of stem cells are available for such transplants. They are as follows

Types Stem CellAdult stem cells

Adult stem cells are tissue-specific cells i.e. the stem cells are contained within specific organs itself and can regenerate there. For example the skin, muscles, bone marrow, contain stem cells specific for their functions. Another variant of adult stem cell is the mesenchymal stem cell or MSC. These are present in multiples tissues like bone marrow and can produce fat, bone tissue or cartilage.  Researchers have found a way to utilise bone marrow stem cells and use them to transplant into a patient’s body whose own stem cells have an abnormality. For example in the treatment of leukemia, a blood cell cancer, bone marrow transplant proves extremely helpful and life-saving.

Fetal stem cells

Stem cells procured from the fetus or the unborn baby are called fetal stem cells. The growing baby i.e. the fetus contains stem cells in abundance to fuel its rapid growth. They also aid in organ development and specialization while still inside the mother’s womb. These are tissue-specific as well and can produce mature cells of only the particular tissue that they are present in.

Embryonic stem cells

Stem cells that are derived from the human embryo i.e. the stage of development of a baby after just 5 days of conception inside the mother. These are undifferentiated stem cells and can give rise to any stem cell type, at least theoretically. Yet, no therapy is available that can utilize embryonic stem cells for human transplant.

Cord blood cells

The umbilicial cord that connects the baby to its mother is teeming with blood-cell forming cells. These stem cells can be collected at birth when the cord is cut to separate the baby from its mother. These stem cells can be preserved and used in treatment of numerous conditions like heart disease, bone marrow disorders, blood cancer etc. A lot of stem cell banks offer preservation services for cord blood cells. Cord blood stem cells are tissue specific as well.

Pluripotent stem cells (Induced)

Researchers studying stem cells figured out a way to reverse tissue specific, specialized stem cells to embryonic, undifferentiated stem cells that can be induced into specializing into the desired tissue stem cell. This is the most superior way of utilizing stem cells to treat specific medical conditions, by producing specific stem cells.

At Euromedic Healthcare, we strive to make these cutting edge researches available to you at affordable costs and with utmost convenience. Our panel of specially trained physicians conducts the process of stem cell procurement and transplantation with utmost care and precision, delivering you only the best in healthcare solutions.

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