Thyroid dysfunction and hyper function

Thyroid Diseases (dysfunction, hyperfunction)

Thyroid diseases continue to be one of the most prevalent and common diseases in the world. In fact, Germany, being an iodine deficient country, has more than 20,000,000 people diagnosed with thyroid conditions. Expert facilities and sophisticated treatments in Germany are aimed at catering to the needs of those with thyroid diseases. In fact, renowned and reliable treatment centers such as EuroMedic Healthcare have been at the forefront of thyroid diseases diagnosis and treatment in Germany and rest of Europe.

Thyroid treatment germanyOverview of the Thyroid Gland:

Thyroid is a small gland, described mostly to be in the shape of a butterfly, located in front of the neck and above the collarbone. The thyroid is one of the most important glands of the human body. Since the thyroid gland is responsible for secreting important hormones in the body, it also helps in controlling the amount of hormones in the bloodstream. It also helps regulate a number of metabolic processes in the body. Although the thyroid gland appears small and weighs less, it controls body hormones, heartbeat, and metabolism.

Thyroid Diseases:

Thyroid gland influences some of the most important functions of the body; they can cause goiter – a harmless enlargement of the thyroid gland to life-threatening diseases like cancer as well. Hyperthyroidism:Hyperthyroidism is also commonly known as an overactive thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid glands go on an overdrive and start producing abnormally high quantities of thyroid hormones. Excessive quantities of hormones in the blood stream can cause:

  • Excessive sweating
  • Difficulty sleeping, breathing,
  • Extreme tiredness, diarrhea, bowel movements,
  • Moodiness, irritability
  • Infertility and more

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:

  • Graves’ Disease: Although it is unclear what triggers Graves’ diseases, it is caused when the immune system of the body starts attacking the thyroid gland. This autoimmune condition makes the gland produce more quantities of hormones. Graves’ disease causes patients’ eyes to bulge and have double vision.
  • Nodular Thyroid Disease: When lumps start getting formed in nodules, the thyroid gets enlarged. The thyroid gland gets affected when the nodules contain abnormal thyroid tissue. This causes the gland to over produce hormones.
  • Thyroiditis:An inflammation of the gland forces it to produce more hormones which can last for a few weeks to a few months.
  • Cancer: Although extremely rare, hyperthyroidism can cause cancer.

Hypothyroidism:Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland, in contrast, is underactive and fails to produce the necessary quantities of thyroid hormones. Since the body needs certain amount of thyroid hormones for energy production, metabolism and growth, any drop in the amount of thyroid hormones causes:

Causes of hypothyroidism:

  • Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis: This is also an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system starts attacking the thyroid glands as if they were foreign objects. The thyroid glands eventually get destroyed and stop the production of hormones.
  • Thyroid Gland Removal: If the thyroid gland was previously removed during surgery, or destroyed chemically, the absence of hormones in the bloodstream can cause hypothyroidism.
  • Lithium: Drugs with Lithium are also known to cause hypothyroidism.

Treatment using antithyroid drugs, thyroid surgery, iodine therapy, and synthetic thyroid hormone therapy is generally prescribed based on the actual condition. However, stem cell therapy is gaining popularity and acceptance. The regenerative capability of the stem cells has shown tremendous scope for treating patients with hypothyroidism.

Leave a Comment

Leave a Comment


Email* (never published)