Treatments for Prostate Cancer are:
- Monitoring:Some prostate cancers grow slow and are confined within the prostate gland; however, there are a few prostate cancer types that are more aggressive than others. That is the reason why many men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer, with proper doctor consultation, adopt the watch and wait method. The doctors regularly monitor and keep in check the activity of the cancer to see for any signs of the cancer becoming aggressive.
- Radiation:Doctors suggest radiation therapy for prostate cancer that has not yet spread to other organs. This is most usually suggested as a surgery follow-up. However, radiation is sometimes also offeredin order to reduce pain if cancer has spread to other organs. Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy increases radiation dosage to the prostate gland without many side effects. Proton Beam therapy, also increases the dosage of radiation, but is not perceived to be more effective than IMRT. Stereotactic, focused form of radiation is usually used to treat prostate cancer during the early stages.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the form of treatment where anti-cancer drugs are slowly injected into the body through the mouth or the veins. This form of treatment is very effective when the cancer is not localized and has spread to distant parts of the body. Since the cancer fighting drugs are injected into the bloodstream, it is possible for the drug to travel to the whole body very easily. Chemotherapy is used if the cancer has spread outside the prostate gland, and if the hormonal treatment is not showing progress.
- Surgery:If the cancer has not spread to other organs in the body, surgery is usually recommended. Radical Prostatectomy is used to remove the prostate gland, seminal vesicles and any other tissues surrounding it. Radical retropubic prostatectomy surgery involves making an incision from the belly button to the pubic bone to remove the prostate. In radical perineal prostatectomy surgery, the doctor makes a fine incisionbetween the anus and the scrotum. TheLaparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a surgery in which the doctor inserts special instruments to remove the prostate or in the case of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy surgery, a computer-controlled robotic arm is used to remove the prostate.
- Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy is used to treat early stages of prostate cancer by freezing it. It is not effective on very large prostate glands.
- Hormonal Therapy:Androgen Deprivation therapy involves lowering the levels of androgens – male hormones of the body. As androgens are responsible for helping prostate cancer cells to grow, hormonal therapy is effective in making cancer cells grow slowly or even to shrink away eventually.
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