Strabismus Surgery


What is strabismus?

In most animals, the eyes are placed on either side of their face, whereas in humans the eyes look forward in the same direction. In cases of normal vision, the eyes see well, are properly aligned and are focused on the same object. Strabismus or Squint refers to eyes that are misaligned. The different types of misalignment in one or both the eyes are:

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  • Crossing (eyes looking toward the nose) is called esotropia.
  • Outward (eyes looking toward the ear) is called exotropia.
  • Vertical deviation is called hypertropia or hypotropia.
  • Torsional (rotational) deviation is called cyclotropia.

Surgical treatment for strabismus:

It is usually necessary to undergo an eye surgery for correcting the misalignment. The surgery is performed to correct the ocular alignment so as to enable the brain to use both eyes together and trying to reestablish binocular function and correct the external appearance so that the eyes look straight and move together. Expertly skilled eye surgeons perform the surgery at Euromedic Healthcare ensuring precision and restoration of normal vision. The possibility of complete success of the surgery with respect to correcting vision along with correcting the external appearance will depend upon the degree and severity of the misalignment, age of onset, types of previous treatment taken, quality of binocular function, and the compliance with pre and post-operative therapies.

A common misconception among people is that the eyes are removed from the orbit while performing surgery and again placed back; which is completely false. The fact is the eyes are held in the socket with many attachments and tissues and there is no need to do this to access eye muscles.

Strabismus surgery consists of 2 general types of operations:

  • Recession: Weakening procedure of eye muscle.
  • Resection: Strengthening procedure of eye muscle.

To access the eye muscles, an incision is made in the conjunctiva. If a recession procedure is required, in the tendon portion of the muscle, a suture is placed and the muscle is removed from its attachment to the eye. It is then recessed backward and reattached to the eye. This will relax the pull of the muscle and allows the eye to come into a straighter position. Ophthalmic surgeons at Euromedic Healthcare ensure that each patient receives customized treatment based on their individual need.

In a resection procedure, a piece of muscle is removed and the muscle is reattached at its original location. The amount of muscle that needs to be removed is determined prior to the surgery and it In a resection procedure, a piece of muscle is removed and the muscle is reattached at its original location. The amount of muscle that needs to be removed is determined prior to the surgery and it depends on the severity of misalignment. The time estimate of surgery varies but usually runs around 20 minutes per muscle.

Post operative expectations include cold compress, prescribed eye drops and ointments, diet restriction as advised, avoid rubbing, avoid activities like outdoor games, showering, swimming, driving etc (basically to prevent dust from entering the eyes). Red eyes, light sensitivity, scratchy eyes, pain and soreness while moving eyes are common after surgery and in 2 weeks 90 % cases symptoms will diminish. When undergoing such a delicate surgery of the eye with Euromedic Healthcare, you can rest assured and be calm, as you are in the best hands.

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