The retina is the camera of the human eye. It is made of light sensitive cells that receive images and transmit to the brain. For a clear image to be understood by the brain, the retina requires a continuous supply of blood which it receives from a network of tiny blood vessels. In diabetes, abnormal levels of blood glucose alter the structure of these fragile blood vessels over time. The high sugar levels begin to block these blood vessels causing a disruption in the blood flow. A swelling may also occur followed by leakage of small amounts of fluid from these vessels. Advanced cases may also show growth of new blood vessels on the surface of the retina, which do not supply blood, but form scar tissue, which leads to further damage to the retina.
Risk factors: Elderly people having diabetes for more than ten years are at a higher risk for diabetic retinopathy. Pregnant women with diabetes also have an increased chance of developing it. High blood pressure and elevated blood cholesterol levels can also increase the risk. Our expert team at Euromedic Healthcare conducts complete screening for all high-risk cases, ensuring detection well in time and aggressive intervention. Symptoms: Diabetic retinopathy progresses gradually over four stages with time. Symptoms are not apparent in the initial stages and may only be experienced when vision has already suffered significant damage. Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include:
Treatment options: A thorough eye examination is necessary to diagnose diabetic retinopathy. Our ophthalmologists at Euromedic Healthcare are well versed with latest technology as well as advanced treatment options. The first two stages do not require any treatment apart from regular monitoring and frequent eye checkups to prevent rapid progression and blindness. Strict control of diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol are essential to preventing progression and blindness. Management of blood sugar and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is extremely essential for preventing further progression of diabetic retinopathy. For advanced cases, laser treatment may be required to reduce fluid leaks or shrink the abnormal blood vessels. This is an outpatient (OPD) procedure and requires no hospital admission. Surgery is advisable in case of severe blood leak or if the retina gets detached. The aim of these treatments is to reduce or arrest the rate of progression of retinopathy. All these surgeries are available at Euromedic Care centers, providing cutting-edge healthcare, abreast with the world.