Coronary Heart Diseases

Coronary Heart Diseases

Introduction:

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death worldwide including Germany. Fat gradually deposits in the coronary arteries supplying the heart muscle. This deposit, called plaque, narrows the artery and hardens it. Over time, it may form a partial or complete block to the blood supply; this is termed as CHD. This causes reduction or cut-off in the supply of oxygen-rich blood to a part of the heart muscle producing symptoms of angina like chest pain. Oxygen deprivation leads to cell injury; and if prolonged, it may lead to death of cells of the heart muscle. Experienced doctors at Euromedic Healthcare understand that this is a life threatening emergency needing immediate attention.

Coronary Heart Diseases

Causes:

The lifestyle factors mentioned below may contribute to disease progress:

  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Unhealthy Diet
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Family History of CHD

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Angina: sudden chest pain or discomfort is the commonest symptom of CHD. Heaviness or squeezing in centre of chest, in the region of sternum, may radiate to neck, shoulder, upper back, arm, or to the upper part of abdomen. Occasionally, symptoms mimic those of gastric discomfort.
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • General weakness

Diagnosis:

  • Evaluation of Risk Factors
  • Blood Studies: Lipids, cardiac Enzymes like Troponin I
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Stress Test
  • X- ray chest